Journal of e-Learning and Knowledge Society <h1 class="page-header" style="font-family: Raleway; margin-top: -50px;">Bibliometrics</h1> <p style="font-size: 18px; margin-top: -20px;"><strong>Italian ANVUR Ranking<br></strong>A-Class for Sector 10, 11-D1 and 11-D2</p> <p style="font-size: 18px; margin-bottom: -0px;"><strong>Publish-or-Perish (reference date: June 2021)<br></strong>- <strong>Scopus</strong> H-Index: <strong>18<br></strong>- <strong>Microsoft</strong> Academic H-Index: <strong>19</strong><br>- <strong>Google Scholar</strong> H-Index: <strong>30<br><br></strong><strong>Scopus (from 2009; reference year: 2020; reference date: June 2021)<br></strong>- Citescore (2020): <strong>1.9</strong><br>- CiteScore <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Rankings (2020)&nbsp;</span><br>&nbsp; - <strong>Education:</strong> <strong>Q2</strong>, <strong>61rd percentile</strong> (#504 out of 1319);<br>&nbsp;- <strong>Computer Science Application:</strong> <strong>Q3, 40st percentile</strong> (#404 out of 693);</p> <p style="font-size: 18px; margin-bottom: -45px;"><strong>Clarivate Web of Science (from 2015; reference date: June 2021)<br></strong>- H-Index: 10<strong><br></strong>- Average citation per Item:<strong> 1.57</strong></p> SIe-L - The Italian e-Learning Association en-US Journal of e-Learning and Knowledge Society 1826-6223 <p>The author declares that the submitted to Journal of e-Learning and Knowledge Society (Je-LKS) is original and that is has neither been published previously nor is currently being considered for publication elsewhere.<br>The author agrees that SIe-L (Italian Society of e-Learning) has the right to publish the material sent for inclusion in the journal Je-LKS. <br>The author agree that articles may be published in digital format (on the Internet or on any digital support and media) and in printed format, including future re-editions, in any language and in any license including proprietary licenses, creative commons license or open access license. SIe-L may also use parts of the work to advertise and promote the publication.<br>The author declares s/he has all the necessary rights to authorize the editor and SIe-L to publish the work.<br>The author assures that the publication of the work in no way infringes the rights of third parties, nor violates any penal norms and absolves SIe-L from all damages and costs which may result from publication.</p> <p>The author declares further s/he has received written permission without limits of time, territory, or language from the rights holders for the free use of all images and parts of works still covered by copyright, without any cost or expenses to SIe-L.</p> <p>For all the information please check the Ethical Code of Je-LKS, available at</p> Second Cover <p>-</p> Managing Editor Copyright (c) 2022 Italian e-Learning Association (SIe-L) 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 18 2 10.20368/1971-8829/1135776 Self-directed learning and assessment in a crisis context: the COVID-19 pandemic as a case study <p>The COVID-19 pandemic has forced schools to close and shift to remote education. However, this might create new challenges, as students might have poor self-directed learning skills to keep up with the learning process from home. Although many studies have focused on remote education during said pandemic, there is limited information on the strategies implemented to support and encourage self-directed learning and assessment. Therefore, in this study – focusing on a case in China – focus group interviews were conducted to collect data from different stakeholders on the implemented self-directed learning strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results might help different education stakeholders in future to effectively maintain education in crises, leading to better learning outcomes.</p> Ahmed Tlili Daniel Burgos Jako Olivier Ronghuai Huang Copyright (c) 2022 Italian e-Learning Association (SIe-L) 2022-08-19 2022-08-19 18 2 1 10 10.20368/1971-8829/1135475 Teachers’ perception of online teaching and its effects on learning outcome during Covid-19: an India based mixed method study <p>The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of teachers regarding online teaching whether they are comfortable and confident while delivering online content to students during this tough time of pandemic? Online teaching is not new in India, but many teachers are experiencing this first time due to emergency and sudden closure of institutions of higher education due to COVID 19. Teachers and students all are engaged in online teaching/learning and combat with several challenges i.e. lack of resources, expertise, anxiety, etc. This study is an attempt to determine the problems and issues pertained to teachers during online teaching. Efforts have been also made to find out teachers’ perceptions about students' learning outcomes. This study explored advantages/disadvantages as well as barriers of online instructions as perceived by teachers of various colleges affiliated to Guru Nanak Dev University (GNDU), Amritsar, Punjab, India. There is the significant importance of the type of online teaching experiences i.e. faculty members who were having positive online teaching experiences significantly differ from their colleagues who experienced the negative or no online teaching experiences. Results obtained from this study indicate those faculty members who were trained and having sufficient exposure towards the technology are more comfortable as well as successful while implementing online teaching, therefore, it is strongly recommended that sufficient training must be provided to the teaching fraternity. Our “New Education Policy 2020 also support this view and recognize the importance of online/blended/digital education.</p> Jaswinder Kaur Pushpender Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 Italian e-Learning Association (SIe-L) 2022-08-19 2022-08-19 18 2 11 21 10.20368/1971-8829/1135450 Security as an emerging dimension of Digital Literacy for education: a systematic literature review <p>The mass use of the Internet, networks and digital devices has intensified the training processes in digital literacy; however, the risks related to the safety of users have also increased. The objective of this article is to analyze the scientific production related to digital security literacy, as well as to identify consolidated and emerging lines of research. To achieve this, a systematic literature review was carried out during the 2010-2020 period, taking as sources of information the Scopus and Web of Science databases. We used the systematic literature review method which has been adjusted for its application in the area of social sciences. The results indicate that most of the scientific texts have been produced in English, and that the treatment of the subject has been developed from perspectives related to criteria for the protection of personal data. Therefore, it is concluded that there is a need to develop a more solid body of scientific work that considers aspects such as safety in social networks, skills for digital security and digital intelligence.</p> Francisco Javier Rocha Estrada Carlos Enrique George-Reyes Leonardo David Glasserman-Morales Copyright (c) 2022 Italian e-Learning Association (SIe-L) 2022-08-19 2022-08-19 18 2 22 33 Factors affecting adoption of MOOC by hospitality students: a moderating role of Internet self-efficacy <p>The present study examines the moderating role of internet self-efficacy on the relationship between the perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and organisational support and behavioural intention of hospitality students in adopting the MOOC courses. This empirical study is based on the responses from hospitality students studying in one of the premier hospitality institutes in Karnataka, India. Structural equation modeling and process macro are used to test the proposed hypotheses in the study. The finding suggests that internet self-efficacy had a moderating effect only between organisational support and behavioural intention. In other words, study findings indicate that improved self-efficacy and organisational support lead to hospitality students’ greater behavioural intention to adopt MOOCs for their academic accomplishments. The study outcomes are helpful for the universities’ higher authorities formulate organizational support in technical and internet self-efficacy to achieve more success in adopting the MOOC.</p> Narayan Valsaraj Payini Jyothi Mallya Copyright (c) 2022 Italian e-Learning Association (SIe-L) 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 18 2 34 40 10.20368/1971-8829/1135455 Does time really heal? Academic burnout and life satisfaction as predictors of post-traumatic growth during the Covid 19 pandemic <p>The aim was to answer the question about the role of time from the trauma experience in associations between life-satisfaction, experiencing burnout and post-traumatic growth. The sample consisted of 199 university students. The participants were approached in the Internet by using university platforms, social media and e-mails. The study was performed in April 2020, during the peak of Covid19. Descriptive statistics, alfa Cronbach’s, ANOVA and MANOVA were calculated to identify burnout level, traumatic growth and life satisfaction. Academic burnout indicators were significant predictors of post-traumatic growth in all groups, however different areas of problems were associated in relation to time from trauma. Past traumatic experiences and our attitudes toward the meaning of it in our lives changes over time. Due to these changes we may different react on a long-last crises and new threats in our life, like pandemic Covid 19. The positive effect of post-traumatic growth is not always connected with higher life satisfaction</p> Katarzyna Tomaszek Agnieszka Muchacka-Cymerman Copyright (c) 2022 Italian e-Learning Association (SIe-L) 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 18 2 41 49 10.20368/1971-8829/1135491 Learner profiling: a study on Big Five Personality Traits and Lifelong Learning skills <p>There are many interventions introduced by Open University Malaysia in supporting its learners to successfully complete the programme that they have enrolled in. An example is the use of personality traits dimensions to predict learners’ Lifelong Learning skills dimension. The research was carried out using a survey instrument which measures 34 items within six dimensions including the five dimensions based on the Big Five Personality Traits and the Lifelong Learning skills. The sample for this study was taken from the population of first semester learners during the September 2019 semester. All new learners are enrolled in one of the compulsory courses OUMH1603: Learning Skills for 21st Century. Data was collected online using the Survey Monkey platform within a-month duration. 411 out of 2546 (16.14%) responses were obtained. The data analysis was carried out based on descriptive statistics and structural equation modeling by using SPSS and AMOS software. The findings indicate that all dimensions have high Cronbach’s Alpha scores (more than 0.8) which means that all dimensions are reliable. In addition, Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, and Emotional Stability showed positive correlations with the Lifelong Learning skills dimension. The instrument used in this study is able to support system and propose strategies for improving learners’ Lifelong Learning skills.</p> Thirumeni T Subramaniam Nur Amalina Diyana Suhaimi Copyright (c) 2022 Italian e-Learning Association (SIe-L) 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 18 2 50 57 10.20368/1971-8829/1135434 Educational data mining, student academic performance prediction, prediction methods, algorithms and tools: an overview of reviews <p>This overview study set out to compare and synthesise the findings of review studies conducted on predicting student academic performance (SAP) in higher education using educational data mining (EDM) methods, EDM algorithms, and EDM tools from 2013 to September 2021. It conducted multiple searches for suitable and relevant peer-reviewed articles on two online search engines, on nine online databases, and on two online academic social networks. It, then, selected 33 eligible articles from 2,500 articles. Some of the findings of this overview study are worth mentioning. First, only 3 studies explicitly stated their precise sample sizes, and only 5 studies explicitly mentioned their subject areas with maths and science, and computer science and engineering as the four most mentioned subject areas. Second, 20 review studies had purposes related to either EDM techniques, EDM methods, EDM models, or EDM algorithms employed to predict SAP and student success in the higher education sector. Third, there are six commonly used typologies of input variables reported by 33 review studies, of which student demographics was the most commonly utilised variable for predicting SAP. Fourth and last, seven common EDM algorithms employed for predicting SAP were identified, of which Decision Tree emerged both as the most used algorithm and as the algorithm with the highest prediction accuracy rate for predicting SAP.</p> Chaka Chaka Copyright (c) 2022 Italian e-Learning Association (SIe-L) 2022-08-31 2022-08-31 18 2 58 69 10.20368/1971-8829/1135578 Technologies for improving laboratory learning in healthcare professions: the case of instructional video <p>Audiovisual cognitive artifacts in all their forms are increasingly used in flipped, blended, MOOCs and conventional teaching and learning processes. During the health emergency due to the SARS-CoV2 pandemic, they were in many cases, in schools and universities, the only response to the need to follow up on training processes, which were compulsorily remote, becoming the educational media par excellence. This work concerns the use of educational technologies, specifically two audiovisual didactic texts, carried out in compliance with international multimedia design standards, to support conventional face-to-face didactic activities, in the field of professional health training (Lab for the simulation of radio-pharmacy activities, University of Ferrara, Italy). It is functional research to verify, on the one hand, the reinforcement of declarative knowledge (through a questionnaire administered in person immediately after the videos had been viewed) and on the other hand the perception of the effectiveness of the educational resources used (through a questionnaire administered online one week after the video had been viewed) for the reinforcement of procedural knowledge. All the instruments were administered to the entire group of 21 students attending the degree course for medical radiographers divided into two groups. The final objective is twofold: to contribute to the research area of video-based learning aimed at experimentally verifying the design principles underlying multimedia learning; to verify the application of this methodology within laboratory teaching of medical degree courses and the health professions in order to meet educational needs in terms of improving the learning processes of complex manual procedures.</p> Giovanni Ganino Copyright (c) 2022 Italian e-Learning Association (SIe-L) 2022-08-31 2022-08-31 18 2 70 77 10.20368/1971-8829/1135705 The future of soft skills development: a systematic review of the literature of the digital training practices for soft skills <p>Soft skills are becoming increasingly important in the workplace. Due to their interpersonal nature and experiential face-to-face reality, they are often touted as nearly impossible to develop online; our study finds that an increasing body of literature is offering evidence and solutions to overcome impediments and promote digital technologies use in soft skills training. This review aims to perform a state of the art on the research on digital solutions for soft skills training using a systematic review of literature.</p> <p>A systematic literature review following the PRISMA statement was conducted on the ISI Web of Science, where from 109 originally collected papers, 37 papers were held into consideration for the in-depth analysis.</p> <p>This paper aims at bringing clarity for both research and practice to facilitate and promote more effective online training initiatives as well as innovative solutions for training in different areas.</p> <p>In recent years, the global economy has been facing structural changes, rapidly evolving into the world of digital transformation. The unpredictability of the nature and pace of the changes will make it crucial that individuals in groups, organizations and societies alike develop skills for dealing with all kinds of situations, especially soft skills and in particular emotional and social competencies. In this work we look into the literature in a systematic way in order to understand the types of competences most addressed, most commonly used techniques and positive and negative results of the training...</p> Maria João Coelho Helena Martins Copyright (c) 2022 Italian e-Learning Association (SIe-L) 2022-09-08 2022-09-08 18 2 78 85 10.20368/1971-8829/1135576