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During the period of the Covid-19 pandemic, distance learning is known to provide new numerous opportunities, in the interaction patterns between learning actors, in Indonesia. The inter-group competitive and collaborative learning methods have also been identified as options for increasing interaction, by paying attention to students’ self-concepts. Based on being quantitative explanative, this research aims to determine the influence of both learning methods and the role of students’ self-concept, on the interactions between members and groups. This research used non-parametric quantitative methods so moreover, 62 students were selected and divided into 2 classes, namely the control and experimental groups, each with 38 & 24 respondents, respectively. To determine the effect of competitive and collaborative methods between groups, as well as self-concept on students’ social interactions, the authors use a two-way ANOVA test. The results showed that there was an influence of using collaborative learning methods on students with low self-concept towards their social interactions. However, there was no influence of students’ self-concept toward their social interactions.


Collaborative Methods Inter-group Competitive Self Concept Social Interacion

Article Details

How to Cite
Seviana, F. laora, & Suprobo, F. P. (2023). Learning contradictions: does student social interaction occur in the middle of e-Learning?. Journal of E-Learning and Knowledge Society, 19(1), 43-52.


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